Status and concept of Jharkhand is over 2 millennia old and some historians
have traced a distinct geo-political, cultural position of Jharkhand even before
the period of Magadha Empire. In recent times, according to a legend, Raja Jai
Singh Deo of Orissa was accepted as the ruler of Jharkhand by its people in the
13th century. The Singh Deo's of Orissa have been very instrumental in the early
history of Jharkhand. Tribal rulers known as the Munda Raja held this region
under their control until the Mughal empire period. At this period, the
Jharkhand area was known as Kukara area. After year 1765, the area came under
the control of British Empire and was known as "Jharkhand"
In modern times, the demand for a separate Jharkhand state can be traced to early 1900s, when Jaipal Singh, the Oxford educated Captain of 1928 Olympics put forth an idea for a separate state consisting of southern districts of Bihar. Over decades, the idea remained alive in some form or the other. On 2nd August, 2000, the Parliament of India passed the Bihar Reorganization Bill to create the state of Jharkhand, and 18 districts of Bihar were carved out to form Jharkhand state on 15th November, 2000.